Somehow this episode of SI Superheroes came out last May (2015) and I didn’t notice!
If anything, this is even better than the first episode – perhaps because it’s more focussed on a single theme without the need to introduce all the characters.
In case you are unfamiliar with the work of NIST, the US National Institute for Standards and Technology, they are basically the US version of NPL and are a very serious organisation. In my recollection, this is only the second output from NIST that has featured laugh-out-loud moments (which I will not reveal!).
I can foresee great things for these characters.
Remember that Superman, Batman and their friends and foes inhabited a (DC) universe of paper comics for decades.
Then they became TV cartoon characters.
And only relatively recently have they become the stars of the current genre of all action, computer-graphic laden movies.
I wonder if they will be recruiting for a male with slightly older looks to play Dr. Kelvin…
Incidentally, the number 9,192,631,770 displayed on the side of the cartoon satellite is the number of oscillations a Caesium atom that defines what we mean by the passage of one second.
At places like NPL and NIST we can make clocks based on Caesium atoms that very perfectly realise this definition.
The atoms in these super-clocks vibrate at 9,192,631,770.000 000 ± 0.000 001 oscillations per second and form the basis of Universal Coordinated Time (UTC) that is used throughout the world.
One of the difficulties which Major Uncertainty may have tried to exploit is that the number of oscillations per second changes very slightly with changes in the physical environment of the atom.
Some of the environmental parameters that matter for clocks mounted in space are:
- the strength of the gravitational field,
- any accelerations that the atom experiences,
- the speed of the clock with respect to the person (often on the ground) counting the oscillations,
- the temperature of the walls surrounding the atoms.
Anyway – all is well now that the League of SI Superheroes has done their job again.